Brad Kozak posted an editorial on Guns.com which detailed the history of his handgun transfer to a somewhat careless family friend who ultimately lost the pistol. The story details that the wayward firearm was found, but the police were also notified and ultimately they were looking for evidence the firearm belonged to the friend. Brad was having trouble finding the Bill of Sale (BOS), but did manage to locate his original transaction. The premise of the article was the ATF was now looking to speak with him.
I’m not actually sure why Brad is worried since he had no burden per ATF rules to keep any records. From the ATF website:
Q: What record-keeping procedures should be followed when two private individuals want to engage in a firearms transaction?
When a transaction takes place between private (unlicensed) persons who reside in the same State, the Gun Control Act (GCA) does not require any record keeping. A private person may sell a firearm to another private individual in his or her State of residence and, similarly, a private individual may buy a firearm from another private person who resides in the same State. It is not necessary under Federal law for a Federal firearms licensee (FFL) to assist in the sale or transfer when the buyer and seller are “same-State” residents. Of course, the transferor/seller may not knowingly transfer a firearm to someone who falls within any of the categories of prohibited persons contained in the GCA. See 18 U.S.C. §§ 922(g) and (n). However, as stated above, there are no GCA-required records to be completed by either party to the transfer.
There may be State or local laws or regulations that govern this type of transaction. Contact State Police units or the office of your State Attorney General for information on any such requirements.
Please note that if a private person wants to obtain a firearm from a private person who resides in another State, the firearm will have to be shipped to an FFL in the buyer’s State. The FFL will be responsible for record keeping.
Now in NC a private transfer which is not as a result of an inheritance is a bit of a gray area. You must have a PPP (pistol purchase permit) or a CHP (concealed handgun permit), but there is nothing in the law which states the PPP must be retained or a BOS should be generated. But in the mind of the ATF all would be perfectly fine. I guess if I was Brad I would print out a copy of the ATF FAQ and have it handy just in case someone rings the doorbell. 😉